Open Burning Ordinance - East Haddam

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    Open Burning Ordinance

    OPEN BURNING ORDINANCE
    TOWN OF EAST HADDAM

    BE IT HEREBY RESOLVED that a new chapter, entitled “Open Burning Ordinance”, is added to the East Haddam Code of Ordinances.

    ARTICLE 1

    1.  Statutory Authority
         Pursuant to CGS 22a-174, the Town of East Haddam adopts the following Open
         Burning Ordinance.

    2.  Definitions
         As used in this chapter, the following words or phrases shall have the meaning
         indicated.

         A.  Applicant:  The person making the open burning certificate application and
              who will be responsible for the open burning.

         B.  Brush:  Shrubs, vegetation or prunings, the diameter of which is not
              greater than three (3) inches at the widest point.

         C.  Building:  Any structure, which is enclosed by a roof and walls.
         D.  Commissioner:  The Commissioner of the State of Connecticut Department
              of Energy and Environmental Protection, or his or her designee.

         E.  DEEP:  The State of Connecticut Department Energy and Environmental
              Protection.   

         F.  Nuisance:  The discharge into the open air of any smoke, soot, dust, fumes,
              odors or other emissions which cause injury, detriment or annoyance or which
              endanger the comfort, repose, health or safety of the public or which cause, or
              are likely to cause, injury or damage to business or property.

         G.  Open Burns:  The ignition of, causing to be ignited, permitting to be ignited,
               or maintenance of a fire outside the confines of a building.

         H.  Open Burning Certificate:  A certificate issued by the Open Burning Official
               in accordance with this chapter, section 22a-174 and the regulations.

         I.  Open Burning Certificate Application:  An application for an open burning
              made on the form furnished by the Open Burning Official, which form shall, at
              a minimum, name the person responsible for the open burning, list his or her
              address, list his or her telephone number, explain the purpose of the open
              burning, explain the type and quantity of material to be burned and list the
              address of the property at which the open burning shall take place.

         J.  Open Burning Official:  Such official, who has been nominated, certified and
              serves in accordance with section 22a-174 and the regulations.

         K.  Open Burning Registration:  Verbal registration which is made to the Open
              Burning Official of an open burning enumerated in section 5 of the chapter
              twenty-four (24) hours prior to the ignition of such open burning.

          L.  Regulations:  Those Regulations of Connecticut State Agencies enacted
              pursuant to section 22a-174, as amended.

         M.  Section 22a-174:  Section 22a-174 of the Connecticut General Statutes, as
              amended.

    ARTICLE II

    3.  General Prohibition
         No open burning shall be allowed except as specifically provided in this chapter.

    4. Open Burning Certificate Required

        A.  The following types of open burning shall be allowed only after an
              applicant obtains an open burning certificate.

              1.  The open burns of brush on residential property.  The applicant must be
                   a resident or an authorized agent of a resident of the property where the
                   open burning will occur.  The Open Burning Official, in his or her
                   discretion, may require proof of residency or proof that the applicant
                   is an authorized agent of a resident.

              2.  Fire training exercises.    
             
    3.  Eradication or control of insect infestations or disease.
              4.  Agricultural purposes.
              
    5.  Clearing vegetative debris following a natural disaster.
              
    6.  Vegetative management or enhancement of wildlife habitat or ecological
                   sustainability on Town property or on any privately owned property
                   permanently dedicated to open space.
              
    7.  Any other type of fire that is described in section 22a-174 or the 
                   regulations.

         B.  The following conditions shall be placed on all open burning certificates:
              1.  Open burning must take place between the hours of 10:00am and 5:00pm. 
                   No visible embers, flame, or smoke may be present after 5:00pm.

              2.  Open burning shall only be permitted on sunny or partly sunny days when
                    the wind speed is five (5) to fifteen (15) mile per hour, except that fire 
                    training exercises shall not be subject to this condition.

              3.  The open burning of brush may only occur on residential property that
                   contains one or two residential units.

              4.  The applicant must keep a copy of the open burning certificate in his or
                   her possession at the time of the open burning.

              5.  The applicant must call the Open Burning Official or such other person
                   listed on the open burning certificate twenty-four (24) hours prior to the
                   ignition of the open burning and leave the applicant’s name, telephone
                   number, the specific time of, and location of the open burn.

              6.  Any other conditions required to be imposed by section 22a-174 or the
                    regulations.

         C.  The Open Burning Official may issue such further conditions to an open
               burning certificate either at the time of issuance or the open burning
               certificate or afterwards, as are necessary to avoid a nuisance or to protect
               the health, safety and comfort of the public, relating to the following:

              1.  The materials and quantities to be burned.
              2.  The hours and days during which the open burning is allowed.
              3.  Any other conditions allowed under section 22a-174 or the regulations.

         D.  An open burning certificate is applicable only for the occasion and purpose
              outlined in such open burning certificate.  The open burning certificate may be
              revoked in writing by the Open Burning Official or the Commissioner, for
              violation of any provision of this ordinance or the regulation of Connecticut
              State Agencies enacted pursuant to Section 22a-174, as amended.

    5.  Open Burning Registration Required
         The following type of open burning shall be allowed only after a person makes an
         open burning registration:  any campfires or bonfires that exceed four (4) feet in
         any direction.

    6.  Exceptions
         The following type of open burning shall be allowed without the need for an open
         burning certificate or open burning registration:

         A.  Barbecues or other similar outdoor fires, which fires are for the cooking of
              food for human consumption.
        
    B.  Campfires, bonfires, or other types of fires made out of nonprocessed wood
              for recreational or ceremonial purposes, provided that the size of such fires
              does not exceed four (4) feet in any direction.
        
    C.  Fires in “salamanders” or other similar devices used by construction or other
              workers for heating purposes, which fires are used for street installation or
              paving activities, the repairing of utilities or other similar work.
         
    D.  Fire breaks for the purpose of controlling forest fires, provided fire personnel
              do it.
        
    E.  Any fire specifically exempted from such requirements in section 22a-174 or
              the regulations.

    7.  Permit from Fire Marshal
         The following types of open burning shall be allowed only after a permit from the
         fire marshal is obtained in accordance with section 22a-174 and the regulations: 
         The open burning of brush in municipal landfills, transfer stations and municipal
         recycling centers in the Town.

    8.  Permit from Commissioner
         Certain types of open burning require the issuance of a permit by the
         Commissioner; such types are enumerated in the Connecticut General
         Statutes and the regulations of Connecticut State Agencies.

    9.  Not Allowed by this Chapter
         Under no circumstances are the following allowed, and are a violation under this
         chapter:

         A.  No weeds, grass, leaves, processed wood, garbage, paper, metals, plastics,
              rubber, painted materials, man made waste, or demolition waste shall be
              burned.
         
    B.  No open burning of brush shall occur when national or state ambient air
              quality standards may be exceeded.
        
    C.  No open burning of brush shall occur where a hazardous health condition
              might be created.
        
    D.  No open burning shall occur when the forest fire danger in the area is
              identified by the Commissioner as extreme, and where woodland or grassland
              is within one hundred feet of the proposed open burning.
        
    E.  No open burning of brush shall occur when there is an advisory from
              the Commissioner of any air pollution episode.

         F.  No open burning is allowed within the limits of any public road or
              public right-of-way.
        
    G.  No open burning of brush shall occur on commercial or industrial properties,
              vacant lots or on properties that contain multi-family residential units.

    ARTICLE III

    10.  Conditions on All Open Burning
          The following conditions are imposed on all open burning:

         A.  No open burning shall create a nuisance.
        
    B.  A responsible adult shall tend to the open burning at all times.
        
    C.  Suitable fire extinguishing equipment must be in close proximity
              and available at the time of the open burning.
        
    D.  The open burning must be a minimum of twenty five (25) feet from any
              property line and twenty five (25) feet from any building, except that
              barbecues or other similar outdoor fires shall not be subject to this condition.
        
    E.  No open burning shall be allowed to burn out of control so as to require the
              response of fire personnel and/or apparatus.  The Fire Chief or Fire Marshal
              shall make determination that a fire has been allowed to burn out of control.

    11.  Extinguishing of Fires
         The Fire Marshal, Fire Chief or any officer of the Fire Department, the Director of
         Health, or his or her designee, or any police officer may require any person who
         ignites or maintains an open burning in violation of the provisions of this chapter 
         to extinguish such open burning.  Failure to extinguish such open burning shall
         be a violation under this chapter.

    12.  Penalties for Offenses
         Any person who violates any provision of this chapter shall be subject to the
         following penalties and fines:

         A.  Fines:
              
    1.  First offense or violation:  twenty five dollars ($25.00).
              
    2.  Second or subsequent offense or violation:  one hundred dollars ($100.00)
                   for each separate violation and each day of continued violation.
        
    B.  The Open Burning Official may seek enforcement of the provisions of this
              chapter by injunction and, in such event, the violator may be liable for the
              Town’s reasonable attorney’s fees.
        
    C.  The provisions of Chapter 93, Ordinance Enforcement, shall otherwise apply
              to this chapter.
        
    D.  Any and all remedies which the Town has in enforcing the chapter, at law or
              in equity, shall be cumulative and two or more or all of such remedies may be
              exercised at the same time.

    Adopted by Town Meeting March 26, 2003.